Switzerland is known to be the heavens for tourists. The natural beauty of Switzerland attracts visitors from across the globe. Moreover the tourist friendly policies of Switzerland provides further ease to the tourists. Lake Lucerne is located in the central Switzerland and is known to be the fourth largest lake in the country. The lake expands to 114 square km some of the banks touch the city of Lucerne. The maximum length at certain points is 30 km and maximum width is known to be 20 km. The fresh water lake’s major inflow comes from Reuss River, Muota, Engelberger Aa and Sarner Aa. The water flows out into Reuss River.
The major feature of the lake is its irregular shape and apparent presence in four different valleys. The oldest communities of Switzerland for example Gersau, Altdorf, Treib, Kussnacht etc are present around the shore.
The center of the lake is present in two different valleys that are parallel valleys lying from west to east. They both are connected with each other through a one kilometer wide and narrow and long through two rocky promontories (Untere and Obere Nase). The west part of the lake is joined to the town of Lucerne and south-west part is joined by the branch known as Kussnacht.
Since many centuries the lake had a vital role in means of transportation and is easily navigable till the opening of Gotthard Pass in 1230. Furthermore the trade grew and opened a mail coach road in 1830. The lake was used both for public and business traffic but majorly used by tourist or people for leisure. It also provides a linkage to near communities for cargo and transportation. The facility of transportation and traditional paddle steamers on the lake was provided by Schifffahrtsgsellschaft des Vierrwaldstattersees (SGV). A car ferry service is also provided between Beckenried on south bank and Gersau on north end of the lake. Nauen also known as cargo barges are still used on lake while some of them are converted to party boats. Some other are used by gravel dredging industry that works on the lake that use big degraders to get sand and gravel for using in construction purposes. Beethoven’s Moonlight Sonata was derived in 1832 by a music critic Ludwing Rellstab. The average depth of the lake is 104 m and maximum depth is 214 m.